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history of tamil nadu

According to Ministry of Tourism statistics, 4.68 million foreign (20.1% share of the country) and 333.5 million domestic tourists (23.3% share of the country) visited the state in 2015 making it the most visited state in India both domestic and foreign tourists. The government is the major investor in the state with 51 per cent of total investments, followed by private Indian investors at 29.9 per cent and foreign private investors at 14.9 per cent. [129] The first talkie was a multi-lingual film, Kalidas, which released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India's first talking picture Alam Ara. [49] The revolt, which took place in Vellore, was brief, lasting one full day, but brutal as mutineers broke into the Vellore fort and killed or wounded 200 British troops, before they were subdued by reinforcements from nearby Arcot. Tamil Nadu accounts for 60 per cent of leather tanning capacity in India[163] and 38 per cent of all leather footwear, garments and components. Ltd", "Youth Welfare & Sports Development Department", "Sports development authority of Tamil Nadu, Chennai 600 084", "Great Living Chola Temples – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", The Official Site of the Government of Tamil Nadu, Official Tourism Site of Tamil Nadu, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamil_Nadu&oldid=992152971, States and territories established in 1950, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Another demand is that a new district with the taluka, The Federation of North Chennai People's Welfare associations urged to bifurcate, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 19:56. The state's literacy rate is 80.33% in 2011, which is above the national average. 300 BCE – 300 CE. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a government of Tamil Nadu undertaking. It is one of the oldest cantilever bridges still in operation, the double-leaf bascule bridge section can be raised to let boats and small ships pass through the Palk Strait in the Indian Ocean. shrikant kasllu. Archaeological evidence points to this area being one of the longest continuous habitations in the Indian peninsula. Almost every part of the state is well connected by buses 24 hours a day. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. Other major Hindu festivals including Deepavali (Death of Narakasura), Ayudha Poojai, Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara), Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi are also celebrated. Products manufactured include circuit boards and cellular phone handsets. It has now been converted into a joint venture of the governments of India and of Tamil Nadu with equal equity holding. Europeans started to establish trade centres during the 17th century in the eastern coastal regions. [190] BSNL provides 2G & 3G mobile internet connections and all other three operators provide 2G, 3G & 4G Mobile broadband connections across Tamil Nadu. Single screen theatres may charge a maximum of ₹50, while theatres with more than three screens may charge a maximum of ₹120 per ticket. Tamil architecture reached its peak during Pallava rule. Chennai International Airport is a major international airport and aviation hub in South Asia. The region was ruled by several empires, including the three great empires – Chera, Chola and Pandyan empires, which shape the region's cuisine, culture, and architecture. [93] Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011. The governor is the constitutional head of the state while the Chief Minister is the head of the government and the head of the council of ministers. The SDAT – TNSRA Squash Academy in Chennai is one of the very few academics in South Asia hosting international squash events. Crore) and Growth (% YoY)", "Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly history", "HDI and GDI Estimates for India and the States/UTs: Results and Analysis", "Human Development Index of India & Major States, 1981 – 2001", "Press Information Bureau English Releases", "Biodiversity, Tamil Nadu Dept. Sashtri, A History of South India, pp 109–112, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_population2011 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_by_religious_communities2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_of_Tamil_Nadu2011 (, The only religious poems among the shorter poems occur in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFChosun_Ilbo2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFe-census_India2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMurali_Vijay2013 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFRavichandran_Ashwin2012 (, Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, List of cities in Tamil Nadu by population, List of towns in Tamil Nadu by population, List of districts in Tamil Nadu by Human Development Index, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Institute of Road and Transport Technology, Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. [86] However, it has a high level of poverty, especially in rural areas. Administratively the state is divided into 38 districts. Most of the largest Hindu Temples reside here. [citation needed], Tamil Nadu has three major seaports located at Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi, as well as seven other minor ports including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War. Tamil Nadu has six Nationalised Home Banks which originated in this state; Two government-sector banks Indian Bank and Indian Overseas Bank in Chennai, and four private-sector banks City Union Bank in Kumbakonam, Karur Vysya Bank, Lakshmi Vilas Bank in Karur, and Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited in Tuticorin. Road transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. Tamil nadu Board History Books PDF Download, tamilnadu textbook, Class 12th and 11th tamil history book, scert tamilnadu board ncert tn text book online. All recognized schools belong to one of the following accreditation systems: Exceptions to the above rule include a few schools that follow the Montessori method, International Baccalaureate, IGCSE or the American system. The Tuticorin Thermal Power Station has five 210 megawatt generators. The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai is an international cricket ground with a capacity of 50,000 and houses the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has additional speakers in … [26][27][28], The early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is a topic in Tamil literary sources known as Sangam literature. One of the basic limitations for improvement in education in the state is the rate of absence of teachers in public schools, which at 21.4 per cent is significant. The Pudukkottai kingdom has the distinction of being the only princely state in Tamil Nadu, and only became part of the Indian union in 1948 after independence.[48]. The state had come under the president's rule on four occasions – first from 1976 to 1977, next for a short period in 1980, then from 1988 to 1989 and the latest in 1991. [201] With a generating capacity of 648 MWp at a single location, it is the world's sixth largest (as of 2018) solar park. Based on URP – Consumption for the period 2004–2005, the percentage of the state's population below the poverty line was 27.5 per cent. In Tamil Nadu has a High level of poverty, especially in areas... Generation capacity in the state is 995 with 36,137,975 males and 36,009,055.. This infrastructure would also benefit all the government is five years it also regulates the establishment of technical including. 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